How To Plant Aquatic Plants

Liven up your pond with lively aquatic greenery. Below are simple how-tos to follow for planting aquatic plants.


1. Gather your materials. For submerged water-plants: a plastic pot; for marginal plants (those that are planted in the shallow areas of the pond): a planting basket specifically made for marginal plants; soil specifically for aquatic planting (or heavy garden soil that isn’t nutrient rich); stones or gravel; pot liners.

2. Planting submerged water plants. Aquatic plants such as water lilies and those planted to provide oxygen under water can be planted in regular plastic pots, plastic buckets and basins.


Partially fill the container with soil.
Remove the plant from its container and place in its new container.
Fill the container with more soil; make sure to keep the level a few inches below the rim. Firm the plant in place.
Cover the top of the soil with rocks or gravel to keep the soil in place.
Water the whole pot thoroughly to make the soil very wet. Leave to stand for a bit before placing in the pond. Saturating the soil with water will help settle the soil in the pot so it minimizes the chance of the water getting muddy once the pot is placed in the pond.
Place in a shallow part of the pond to allow it to get used to its new home and move to a deeper part of the pond after 7-10 days.

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3. Planting marginals plants. Marginal plants, such as the yellow flag iris, are aquatic to semi aquatic plants that live on the shallow edges of the pond.


Line the planting basket with a liner. You can get liners and planting baskets for aquatic planting at the nursery or pond and aquarium specialists.
Fill the basket with soil partially.
Remove the plant from its pot and transfer to the planting basket. Add in more soil, keeping it a few inches below the rim. Firm the plant in place.
Add in a layer of gravel or stones to cover the soil and help give the pot some weight.
Water thoroughly to saturate the soil with water before placing it on the edges of the pond, at least 2 inches below the water.