13 Facts About Guava You Need To Know
1. The guava is a native of Central and South America.
2. It is a fruit bearing tree belonging to the family Myrtaceae, making it related to myrtles.
3. The leaves and bark have medicinal properties. The bark has an astringent quality and is also used to treat diarrhea. The leaves can be used to treat minor cuts and wounds because of its antibacterial qualities. Boiling the leaves in water and using the resulting “tea” can help alleviate skin itchiness and irritation.
4. The fruits vary in flesh and pulp color, and taste. Flesh and pulp color can vary from white to cream and pink with tastes ranging from slightly bland to sour and sweet.
5. They come in different sizes. Some, like the apple guava, can be bigger than a baseball and as big as the size of a small melon.
6. Guava fruit is rich in antioxidants. It contains lycopene, a known antioxidant that helps lower the risk of certain types of cancer.
7. It contains a high amount of Vitamin A, beta carotene and lutein, all of which help promote healthy eyesight.
8. Guavas also have a high amount of Vitamin C.
9. It is high in dietary fiber, and is good for digestion and promotes a healthy colon.
10. It contains Vitamin E, making it good for your skin.
11. Guava fruit also has Vitamin K (Potassium) which helps build strong bones and prevent heart disease.
12. It also contains Vitamin B-complex like niacin (Vitamin B3) and Vitamin B6. Niacin and B6 are known to be good for the heart and nerves.
13. Guavas are usually eaten raw when the fruit has ripened. In some countries, they are sometimes dipped in salt and even sauteed shrimp paste. The fruit is also used to make jams as well to flavor broths, just like in this recipe from the Philippines.